United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

Recently, the United States announced that it would rejoin the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Council that it left in 2018. The USA will return to the Council as an observer with the aim of seeking election as a full member. United Nations Human Rights Council: Key Points About: The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary – Welcome to Kerala Forest

The draft notification of the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on an Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) which runs around the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS) has triggered protests in Wayanad (Kerala). Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary: Key Points Draft Notification: The 118.5 sq km area has been earmarked as an Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ), of which 99.5 sq km is outside the sanctuary

POCSO Act – Protection of Children’s From Sexual Acts

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act was enacted in 2012 especially to protect children (aged less than 18) from sexual assault. The Statement of Objects and Reasons of the Act admitted that a number of sexual offences against children were neither specifically provided for in extant laws nor adequately penalised. The UN Convention on the

Arka Shubha Variety Of Marigold

The Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR) has developed a new marigold variety named Arka Shubha. Arka Shubha: Key Points About: High Carotene Content: Arka Shubha has a carotene content of around 2.8% (for all marigolds, it’s maximum upto 1.4%) which is the highest among all plant sources. Used after Spoiled: This new variety of marigold can be used

Dickinsonia —the Earth’s ‘oldest animal’

Researchers have found the first-ever fossil in India of a Dickinsonia —the Earth’s ‘oldest animal’, dating back 570 million years — on the roof of what’s called the ‘Auditorium Cave’ at Bhimbetka. Dickinsonia is an extinct genus of basal animal that lived during the late Ediacaran period in what is now Australia, Russia and Ukraine.


Indian Navy’s largest biennial Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise (TROPEX 21) is currently underway. Exercise commenced in early January, which will culminate by the third week of February. TROPEX 21: Key Points Theme: ‘Combat Ready, Credible and Cohesive force’. Participants: Indian Navy, Coast Guard, Marine Police of 13 coastal States and Union Territories along with other stakeholders in the maritime

Gaganyaan Mission

Recently, the Union Minister of Science and Technology informed that the human spaceflight module of Gaganyaan will be launched after the second unmanned mission planned in 2022-23. It was initially envisaged that the Rs. 10,000 crore Gaganyaan mission aims to send a three-member crew to space for five to seven days by 2022 when India completes 75 years of independence.

Climate Change Report on Hindukush Karakoram Ranges

According to the ‘Assessment of Climate Change over the Indian Region’ report, snowfall over the higher reaches of the Hindukush Himalayan mountain ranges has been increasing in recent decades, which has shielded the region from glacier shrinkage. The recent massive flooding in the Alaknanda river, probably due to glacial bursts has highlighted the issue of higher glacier retreat in recent decades due to global warming, however, the report indicates

Motion of Thanks

Recently, the Prime Minister replied to the motion of thanks to the President’s address in the Lok Sabha. Motion of Thanks:  Key Points President’s Address: Constitutional Provisions: Article 87 provides for the special address by the President. It provides two special occasions on which the President addresses a joint sitting. At the commencement of the first session after each general election to the House of

Low Convictions Rate Under UAPA Act

According to data recently presented by the Ministry of Home Affairs in the Rajya Sabha, only 2.2% of cases registered under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 between the years 2016-2019 ended in convictions by the court. The Ministry quoted figures from the 2019 Crime in India Report compiled by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). Low Convictions Rate

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