Gilgit-Baltistan: The land of peaks, streams and disputes

Context : Pakistan is moving to grant full statehood to Gilgit-Baltistan (GB), which appears as the northernmost part of the country in its official map. Background : During the first Indo-Pak war of October 1947, Pakistan occupied 78,114 sq km of the land of Jammu and Kashmir, including the ‘Northern Areas’. The Northern Areas is

Nagorno-Karabakh region
Nagorno-Karabakh region | Timeline of events

Nagorno-Karabakh region Context : Recently, a territorial dispute between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh region has re-erupted with heavy clashes. Background :  The modern phase of the conflict began in February 1988, during the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1989, ethnic tensions between Armenians and Azerbaijanis increased in the Nagorno-Karabakh region. As of

Teesta river water dispute
Teesta river water dispute |  Present situation and Other Irritants in the Relationship

Details about Teesta River : Teesta is the fourth largest transboundary river shared between India and Bangladesh, after the Ganges, Brahmaputra and the Meghna (GBM) river system. The total catchment area of the GBM is about 1.75 million square km. The Teesta originates in the Indian state of Sikkim and its total length is 414

Sino-Russian quasi-alliance- It’s impact
Sino-Russian quasi-alliance – It’s impact | Historical Evolution

Sino-Russian quasi-alliance:  Xinping-Putin friendship has sparked intense discussion on whether Russia and China are moving in the direction of a formal alliance. A Sino-Russian quasi-alliance has formed in recent years, and this has been possible due to the anti-Chinese rhetoric from Washington, collapse of oil prices and growing dependence of Russia on Chinese consumption. Western

China again blocks India’s bid to declare JeM Chief Masood Azhar as global terrorist

Why in news? Giving setback to India, China for the fourth time blocked a bid in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to designate Pakistan’s Jaish-e-Mohammed’s chief Masood Azhar as a “global terrorist”. India termed the move of China’s putting a technical hold on the proposal as “disappointing”. Fourth Proposal at UNSC: The proposal to

Geneva Convention

Context:  An Indian pilot was captured by Pakistan after a major aerial confrontation and chase between Pakistan Air Force planes, which dropped bombs in four locations of Jammu and Kashmir, and Indian Air Force jets that countered them over the Line of Control (LoC). New Delhi has conveyed to Islamabad that “no harm” should come

India-China-Arunachal Ties

In News: India replies to China on Modi’s visit to Arunachal. About The Arunachal Pradesh border that China claims to be its own territory is the largest disputed area, covering around 90000 sq. km.  During the 1962 war, the People’s Liberation Army occupied it but they announced a unilateral ceasefire and withdrew respecting the international

Jobless Basic Income in Finland

Context: Finland’s basic income trial boosts happiness, but not jobs. Universal Basic Income Universal basic income (UBI) is a model for providing all citizens of a country geographic area with a given sum of money, regardless of their income, resources or employment status.  The purpose of the UBI is to prevent or reduce poverty and

Macedonia Renamed as the Republic of North Macedonia

In News The parliamentarians of the Republic of Macedonia voted to change their country’s name to the “Republic of North Macedonia”. This is very significant move given the longstanding dispute between FYR Macedonia and Greece. The change of name, if cleared by Greece, would pave the way for the small republic to enter NATO and

Organization of Islamic Cooperation

In news: It  is for the first time that India has been invited to a meeting of the OIC, which is an influential grouping of 57 Islamic countries. The invitation has an immense significance because of the timing. At a time when India is cornering Pakistan on all international forums due to its alleged role in Pulwama terror

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