The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has commemorated its 46th year of establishment recently.
About Central Pollution Control Board
- The CBCB was established on September 23, 1974 under The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 as a technical arm of Central Government for environmental research, monitoring, regulation and enforcement in the country. Later, it was entrusted with functions and responsibilities under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
- Since its inception, CPCB is working tirelessly towards environmental protection in the country. Some of the pro-active actions of the Central Board include –
- setting sector specific standards (86);
- real time surveillance of more than 5,000 industries;
- river basin studies, which led to genesis of Ganga Action Plan;
- multi-city source apportionment studies; establishing extensive monitoring network and data management for public dissemination;
- setting national ambient air quality standards; and
- fixing water quality criteria.
- CPCB’s actions have been critical in obviating steep environmental degradation expected of rapid industrial, commercial and population growth.
- With increasing environmental challenges and mounting public expectations, CPCB is working to re-define pollution control technologies and management strategies.
Functions of CPCB
- It aids and advises the Central and State Government on matters related to prevention, improvement and control of Air and Water pollution.
- It plans and organises training programs for people involved in activities for the prevention, improvement and control of Air and Water pollution.