The Union Ministry of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj has released a booklet on “Best Practices in Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP)”.
- This publication lists various ‘good practices’ followed in land records modernisation across national policy framework and in nine study states namely Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, etc.
- It also covers the gaps in implementation of different processes (such as registration, mutation, survey, settlement, land acquisition), technological initiatives and legal and institutional aspects.
- Background: In 2008, the Cabinet approved merger of two Centrally Sponsored Schemes (Computerisation of Land Records (CLR) & Strengthening of Revenue Administration and Updating of Land Records) into a modified Scheme named Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP).
- The DILRMP is an initiative of the Department of Land Resources (DoLR), Ministry of Rural Development.
- Aim: The main aims of DILRMP are to usher in a system of
- Updated land records,
- Automated and automatic mutation,
- Integration between textual and spatial records,
- Inter-connectivity between revenue and registration,
- To replace the present deeds registration and presumptive title system with that of conclusive titling with title guarantee.
- Components: The DILRMP has 3 major components
- Computerization of land record
- Computerization of Registration.
- Programme implementation: The State Governments/UT Administrations will implement the programme with financial and technical support from the Dept. of Land Resources, Government of India.
- The district will be taken as the unit of implementation, where all activities under the programme will converge.
- Benefits to citizens:
- Real-time land ownership records will be available to the citizen
- Property owners will have free access to their records without any compromise in regard to confidentiality of the information
- Free accessibility to the records will reduce interface between the citizen and the Government functionaries, thereby reducing rent-seeking and harassment.
- This method will permit e-linkages to credit facilities.
- Market value information will be available on the website to the citizen.
- Certificates based on land data (e.g., domicile, caste, income, etc.) will be available to the citizen through computers.
- Information on eligibility for Government programs will be available, based on the data.
Achievements made by DILRMP since its inception:
- Computerization of Land Records has been completed (more than 90%) in 23 States/ UTs and substantial progress has been achieved in 11 States/ UTs.
- Digitization of Cadastral Maps has been completed (more than 90%) in 19 States/ UTs and substantial progress has been achieved in 9 States/ UTs.
- Computerization of Registration (SRO) has been completed (more than 90%) in 22 States/ UTs and substantial progress has been achieved in 8 States/ UTs.
- Integration of SRO with the Revenue Office has been completed (more than 90%) in 16 States/ UTs and substantial progress has been achieved in 8 States/ UTs.
The SWAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) yojana has been launched by the Centre to “map rural inhabited lands using drones and latest survey methods” with a move towards “streamlined planning, revenue collection and provide clarity over property rights in rural areas.”
Importance: A good land records system is a necessity for any harmonious and progressive society. The book would ultimately lead to an improved land governance system, reduction in land disputes, prevention of benami transactions and a comprehensive Integrated Land Information Management System in the country, by sharing best practices.