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How to break the politicians-criminals-bureaucrats nexus?

The recent custodial deaths in Tamil Nadu and encounter of a criminal by the UP police shows that its root lies in the nexus of politicians, criminals and the government functionaries.

How to break the politicians-criminals-bureaucrats nexus?

Past attempts to break this nexus:

  • In 1993, the Vohra Committee had submitted a report on the nexus between the criminals, politicians and government functionaries.
  • DIB suggested that an institution be set up to effectively deal with the menace.
  • There were discussions in parliament, but the matter ended there.

Criminalisation of politics

  • The number of members of parliament with criminal background has been going up with every successive election.
  • It was, according to the Association of Democratic Reforms, 30 per cent in 2009, 34 per cent in 2014 and 43 per cent in 2019.
  • The present UP Assembly has 36 per cent or 143 MLAs with criminal cases against them.
  • This lead to the administration turning a blind eye to the illegal activities of the criminals.
  • The nexus has proliferated and grown in strength down the years.
  • It creates an environment where the criminals who are part of the nexus are able to dodge the due processes of law.

Way ahead:

  1. We must have a law which debars persons with serious criminal cases from entering the assemblies and the Parliament.
  2. The criminal justice system must be revamped as recommended by the Malimath Committee.
  3. The Supreme Court’s directions on police reforms must be implemented.
  4. An institution comprising representatives of the police/CBI/NIA, IB, IT department, Revenue Intelligence and Enforcement Directorate should be set up to monitor the activities of the mafia and criminal syndicates in the country.
  5. A Central act on the lines of MCOCA should be enacted to curb the activities of organised criminal gangs.
  6. The concept of a federal crime, as recommended by the Second Administrative Reforms Commission, should be accepted.

Crimes with all-India ramifications or are trans-national in character, like those of terrorism and organised crimes, should be brought within the ambit of federal crimes.