The recent custodial deaths in Tamil Nadu and encounter of a criminal by the UP police shows that its root lies in the nexus of politicians, criminals and the government functionaries.
Past attempts to break this nexus:
- In 1993, the Vohra Committee had submitted a report on the nexus between the criminals, politicians and government functionaries.
- DIB suggested that an institution be set up to effectively deal with the menace.
- There were discussions in parliament, but the matter ended there.
Criminalisation of politics
- The number of members of parliament with criminal background has been going up with every successive election.
- It was, according to the Association of Democratic Reforms, 30 per cent in 2009, 34 per cent in 2014 and 43 per cent in 2019.
- The present UP Assembly has 36 per cent or 143 MLAs with criminal cases against them.
- This lead to the administration turning a blind eye to the illegal activities of the criminals.
- The nexus has proliferated and grown in strength down the years.
- It creates an environment where the criminals who are part of the nexus are able to dodge the due processes of law.
- We must have a law which debars persons with serious criminal cases from entering the assemblies and the Parliament.
- The criminal justice system must be revamped as recommended by the Malimath Committee.
- The Supreme Court’s directions on police reforms must be implemented.
- An institution comprising representatives of the police/CBI/NIA, IB, IT department, Revenue Intelligence and Enforcement Directorate should be set up to monitor the activities of the mafia and criminal syndicates in the country.
- A Central act on the lines of MCOCA should be enacted to curb the activities of organised criminal gangs.
- The concept of a federal crime, as recommended by the Second Administrative Reforms Commission, should be accepted.
Crimes with all-India ramifications or are trans-national in character, like those of terrorism and organised crimes, should be brought within the ambit of federal crimes.