India Demands Removal of Rosewood from CITES

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India
has proposed to remove rosewood (Dalbergiasissoo) from Appendix II of
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
(CITES).

Key
Highlights

  • The
    species is currently part of Appendix II of CITES that has species not
    necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be
    controlled to avoid utilisation incompatible with their survival.
  • However,
    India does not want that for rosewood. The species grows at a very fast
    rate and has the capacity to become naturalised outside its native range,
    even it is invasive in some parts of world.
  • India
    sent the proposal ahead of the 18 th Conference of Parties (COP) of CITES,
    which will be held in Colombo from May 23 to June 3.
  • Apart
    from Dalbergiasissoo, India has also proposed to transfer small clawed
    otters (Aonyxcinereus), smooth coated otters (Lutrogaleperspicillata),
    Indian Star Tortoise (Geocheloneelegans) from Appendix II to Appendix I,
    thereby giving more protection to the species.
  • The
    proposal also includes inclusion of Gekko gecko and Wedgefish (Rhinidae)
    in Appendix II of CITES. It says that Gekko gecko is traded highly for
    Chinese traditional medicine.
  • Regulation
    of trade in the species is required to ensure that the harvest of
    specimens from the wild is not reducing the wild population to a level at
    which its survival might be threatened by continued harvesting or other
    influences.

CITES
works by subjecting international trade in specimens of selected species to
certain controls. All import, export, re-exports and introduction from the sea
of species covered by the convention has to be authorized through a licensing
system. CITES is legally binding on the Parties, however, it does not take the
place of national laws.

It has
three appendices. Appendix I have species threatened with extinction. Trade in
specimens of these species is permitted only in exceptional circumstances.
Appendix III contains species that are protected in at least one country, which
has asked other, CITES parties for assistance in controlling trade.

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