has submitted the sixth national report (NR6) to Convention on
report provides an update of progress in achievement of 12 National
Biodiversity Targets (NBT) developed under the Convention process in line
with the 20 global Aichi biodiversity targets
Highlights of the Report
is among the first five countries in the world, the first in Asia and the
first among the biodiversity rich mega diverse countries to have submitted
to the report, India has exceeded/overachieved two NBTs, and it is on
track to achieve eight NBTs.
respect of the remaining two NBTs, India is striving to meet the targets
by the stipulated time of 2020.
well over 20 percent of its total geographical area under biodiversity
conservation, India has exceeded the terrestrial component of 17 percent
of Aichi target 11, and 20 percent of corresponding NBT relating to areas
under biodiversity management.
India has also made noteworthy achievement towards NBT relating to access
and benefit sharing (ABS) by operationalising the Nagoya Protocol on ABS.
has done well on raising awareness about biodiversity, which is an
important thrust area in several programmes of the Government.
is a megadiverse country harbouring nearly 7-8% of globally recorded
species while supporting 18% of the global human population on a mere 2.4%
of the world’s land area.
this context, India’s quest for inclusive economic development while maintaining
integrity of its natural capital is being pursued through various
programmes and strategies.
have been adopted for sustainable management of agriculture, fisheries and
forests, with a view to provide food and nutritional security to all without
destroying the natural resource base while ensuring intergenerational
are in place to maintain genetic diversity of cultivated plants, farms
livestock and their wild relatives, towards minimising genetic erosion and
safeguarding their genetic diversity.
and enabling environment are being created for recognising and protecting
the vast heritage of coded and oral traditional knowledge relating to
biodiversity for larger human welfare while safeguarding the interests and
rights of the local communities as creators and holders of this knowledge.
known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty.
Convention has three main goals including: the conservation of biological
diversity (or biodiversity); the sustainable use of its components; and
the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.
Biodiversity Targets of India
- Biodiversity awareness – By
2020, a significant proportion of the country’s population, especially the
youth, is aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take
to conserve and use it sustainably
- Biodiversity Valuation and
Poverty Alleviation – By 2020, values of
biodiversity are integrated in national and state planning processes,
development programmes and poverty alleviation strategies.
- Safeguarding Natural
Habitats – Strategies for reducing rate of
degradation, fragmentation and loss of all natural habitats are finalized
and actions put in place by 2020 for environmental amelioration and human
- Managing Invasive Species –
By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and strategies
to manage them developed so that populations of prioritized invasive alien
species are managed.
- Sustainable Landscape –
By 2020, measures are adopted for sustainable management of agriculture,
forestry and fisheries
- Protected Areas –
Ecologically representative areas are conserved effectively and equitably,
based on protected area designation and management and other area-based
conservation measures and are integrated into the wider landscapes and
seascapes, covering over 20% of the geographic area of the country, by
- Maintaining Genetic
Diversity – By 2020, genetic diversity of
cultivated plants, farm livestock, and their wild relatives, including
other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is
maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for
minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
- Ecosystem Services –
By 2020, ecosystem services, especially those relating to water, human
health, livelihoods and well-being, are enumerated and measures to
safeguard them are identified, taking into account the needs of women and
local communities, particularly the poor and vulnerable sections.
- Access and Benefit Sharing –
By 2015, Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of
Benefits Arising from their Utilization as per the Nagoya Protocol are
operational, consistent with national legislations.
- Inclusive Governance –
By 2020, an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity
action plan is made operational at different levels of governance
- Protecting Traditional Knowledge –
By 2020, national initiatives using communities’ traditional knowledge
relating to biodiversity are strengthened, with the view to protecting
this knowledge in accordance with national legislations and international
- Resource Mobilization –
By 2020, opportunities to increase the availability of financial, human
and technical resources to facilitate effective implementation of the
Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 and the national targets are
identified and the Strategy for Resource Mobilization is adopted