India Submits Sixth National Report to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD)

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In News

  • India
    has submitted the sixth national report (NR6) to Convention on
    Biodiversity.
  • The
    report provides an update of progress in achievement of 12 National
    Biodiversity Targets (NBT) developed under the Convention process in line
    with the 20 global Aichi biodiversity targets

Key
Highlights of the Report

  • India
    is among the first five countries in the world, the first in Asia and the
    first among the biodiversity rich mega diverse countries to have submitted
    such report.
  • According
    to the report, India has exceeded/overachieved two NBTs, and it is on
    track to achieve eight NBTs.
  • In
    respect of the remaining two NBTs, India is striving to meet the targets
    by the stipulated time of 2020.
  • With
    well over 20 percent of its total geographical area under biodiversity
    conservation, India has exceeded the terrestrial component of 17 percent
    of Aichi target 11, and 20 percent of corresponding NBT relating to areas
    under biodiversity management.
  • Similarly,
    India has also made noteworthy achievement towards NBT relating to access
    and benefit sharing (ABS) by operationalising the Nagoya Protocol on ABS.
  • India
    has done well on raising awareness about biodiversity, which is an
    important thrust area in several programmes of the Government.
  • India
    is a megadiverse country harbouring nearly 7-8% of globally recorded
    species while supporting 18% of the global human population on a mere 2.4%
    of the world’s land area.
  • In
    this context, India’s quest for inclusive economic development while maintaining
    integrity of its natural capital is being pursued through various
    programmes and strategies.
  • Measures
    have been adopted for sustainable management of agriculture, fisheries and
    forests, with a view to provide food and nutritional security to all without
    destroying the natural resource base while ensuring intergenerational
    environmental equity.
  • Programmes
    are in place to maintain genetic diversity of cultivated plants, farms
    livestock and their wild relatives, towards minimising genetic erosion and
    safeguarding their genetic diversity.
  • Mechanisms
    and enabling environment are being created for recognising and protecting
    the vast heritage of coded and oral traditional knowledge relating to
    biodiversity for larger human welfare while safeguarding the interests and
    rights of the local communities as creators and holders of this knowledge.

About
CBD

  • CBD,
    known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty.
  • The
    Convention has three main goals including: the conservation of biological
    diversity (or biodiversity); the sustainable use of its components; and
    the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.

National
Biodiversity Targets of India

  1. Biodiversity awareness – By
    2020, a significant proportion of the country’s population, especially the
    youth, is aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take
    to conserve and use it sustainably
  2. Biodiversity Valuation and
    Poverty Alleviation
    – By 2020, values of
    biodiversity are integrated in national and state planning processes,
    development programmes and poverty alleviation strategies.
  3. Safeguarding Natural
    Habitats
    – Strategies for reducing rate of
    degradation, fragmentation and loss of all natural habitats are finalized
    and actions put in place by 2020 for environmental amelioration and human
    well-being
  4. Managing Invasive Species
    By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and strategies
    to manage them developed so that populations of prioritized invasive alien
    species are managed.
  5. Sustainable Landscape
    By 2020, measures are adopted for sustainable management of agriculture,
    forestry and fisheries
  6. Protected Areas
    Ecologically representative areas are conserved effectively and equitably,
    based on protected area designation and management and other area-based
    conservation measures and are integrated into the wider landscapes and
    seascapes, covering over 20% of the geographic area of the country, by
    2020
  7. Maintaining Genetic
    Diversity
    – By 2020, genetic diversity of
    cultivated plants, farm livestock, and their wild relatives, including
    other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is
    maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for
    minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
  8. Ecosystem Services
    By 2020, ecosystem services, especially those relating to water, human
    health, livelihoods and well-being, are enumerated and measures to
    safeguard them are identified, taking into account the needs of women and
    local communities, particularly the poor and vulnerable sections.
  9. Access and Benefit Sharing
    By 2015, Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of
    Benefits Arising from their Utilization as per the Nagoya Protocol are
    operational, consistent with national legislations.
  10. Inclusive Governance
    By 2020, an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity
    action plan is made operational at different levels of governance
  11. Protecting Traditional Knowledge
    By 2020, national initiatives using communities’ traditional knowledge
    relating to biodiversity are strengthened, with the view to protecting
    this knowledge in accordance with national legislations and international
    obligations.
  12. Resource Mobilization
    By 2020, opportunities to increase the availability of financial, human
    and technical resources to facilitate effective implementation of the
    Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 and the national targets are
    identified and the Strategy for Resource Mobilization is adopted

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