Every year, 21st March, is observed as International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. The day calls for solidarity against racism and racial discrimination.

International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination:

  • About:
    • The United Nation General Assembly in October 1966 proclaimed 21st March as the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, to be commemorated annually.
    • On that day, in 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville, South Africa, against the apartheid pass laws.
      • Aparthied:
        • It was a policy which governed relations between South Africa’s white minority and non-white majority.
        • It sanctioned racial segregation, poltical and economic discrimination against non-whites.
    • Proclaiming the Day in 1966 which signifies the struggle to end the policy of apartheid in South Africa.
  • 2021 Theme:
    • ‘Youth standing up against racism’
  • Significance:
    • Racial discrimination, beyond being a breach of human rights, has harmful effects on human health and well-being, and risks wider disruptions to social cohesion.

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