Indian Government, at all levels, announces Welfare Schemes for a cross section of the society from time to time. In this section, we have attempted to provide you an easy and single point access to information about several welfare schemes of the Government and their various aspects including eligible beneficiaries, types of benefits, scheme details etc.

List of Government Schemes:


Launched: 15 August 1995

Ministry: Ministry of Human Resource Development

Main Objective: The Midday Meal Scheme is a school meal program of the Government of India designed to improve the nutritional status of school-age children nationwide.

About the scheme:

  • The program supplies free lunches on working days for children in primary and upper primary classes in government, government aided, local body, Education Guarantee Scheme, and alternate innovative education centers, Madarsa and Maqtabs supported under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, and National Child Labour Project schools run by the ministry of labor.
  • Serving 120,000,000 children in over 1,265,000 schools and Education Guarantee Scheme centers, it is the largest such program in the world.
  • India has committed to providing “adequate nutritious foods” for children. The program has undergone many changes since its launch in 1995.
  • The Midday Meal Scheme is covered by the National Food Security Act, 2013.

The legal backing to the Indian school meal program is similar to the legal backing provided in the US through the National School Lunch Act.



Launched: 25 December 2000

Ministry: Ministry of Rural Development

Objective: Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (Prime Minister’s Rural Roads Scheme) is a nationwide plan in India to provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages.

About the scheme:

  • The PMGSY is under the authority of the Ministry of Rural Development and it was introduced in 2000 by the then-prime minister of India Atal Behari Vajpayee.
  • This scheme is fully funded by the central government. Recently it has been announced that the project will be funded by both the central government (60%) and states (40%), after a recommendation by state finance officials.
  • The PMGSY is managed by the National Rural Roads Development Agency (NRRDA), headed by a Director-General.
  • The Assam Tribune has reported that the scheme has started to change the lifestyle of many villagers as it has resulted in new roads and upgrade of certain inter-village routes in Manipur.
  • From 2004 to 2014, the average speed of road construction under the PMGSY was 5 kilometers per day it’s a very good speed for Rural Development.



Launched: 2 February 2006

Ministry: Ministry of Rural Development

Main objective: It aims to provide at least 100days of wage employment in rural areas.

About the scheme:

  • National rural employment guarantee act later named as “Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act”(MGNREGA).
  • MGNREGA is an Indian labor law and social security measure that aims to guarantee the right to work‘.
  • It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
  • Another aim of MGNREGA is to create durable assets (such as roads, canals, ponds, wells). Employment is to be provided within 5 km of an applicant’s residence, and minimum wages are to be paid.
  • The act was first proposed in 1991 by Narasimha Rao. In 2006, it was finally accepted in the parliament and commenced implementation in 200 districts of India.
  • Based on this pilot experience, NREGA was scooped up to cover all the districts of India from 1 April 2008.
  • The statute is hailed by the government as “the largest and most ambitious social security and public works program in the world”. In its World Development Report 2014, the World Bank termed it a “stellar example of rural development”.
  • MGNREGA is to be implemented mainly by gram panchayats(GPs). The involvement of contractors is banned. Labour-intensive tasks like creating infrastructure for water harvesting, drought relief, and flood control are preferred.



Launched: 9 May 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Finance

Main objective: Increase the number of people covered under any kind of pension scheme.

About the Scheme:

  • Atal Pension Yojana (previously known as Swavalamban Yojana) is a government-backed pension scheme in India targeted at the unorganized sector. It was originally mentioned in the 2015 Budget speech by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in February 2015.
  • Atal Pension Yojana is one of the three Jan Suraksha schemes launched by PM Narendra Modi.
  • It was formally launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 9 May in Kolkata. APY is aimed at increasing the number of pension scheme beneficiaries across the country.
  • Under the scheme, the beneficiaries have to make a contribution for at least 20 years before he/she can get a pension after attaining an age of 60 years. The scheme provides a monthly pension of Rs 1000 to Rs. 5000 per month based on the contribution amount.



Launched: 28 August 2014

Ministry: Ministry of finance

Main objective: Financial inclusion and access to financial services for all households in the country.

About the Scheme:

  • Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (P.M.J.D.Y), Prime Minister’s People Money Scheme is India’s National Mission for Financial Inclusion to ensure access to financial services, namely Banking Savings & Deposit Accounts, Remittance, Credit, Insurance, and Pension in an affordable manner.
  • This financial inclusion campaign was launched by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 28 August 2014 He had announced this scheme in his first Independence Day speech on 15 August 2014.
  • The scheme was mostly targeted to the people belonging to the Below Poverty Line but is beneficial to everyone who does not have a bank account.
  • It is Run by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance, on the inauguration day, 1.5 Crore (15 million) bank accounts were opened under this scheme.
  • Guinness World Records Recognises the Achievements made under PMJDY, Guinness World Records Certificate says “The most bank accounts opened in 1 week as a part of financial inclusion campaign is 18,096,130 and was achieved by Banks in India from 23 to 29 August 2014”.
  • By 1 February 2017, over 27 crores (270 million) bank accounts were opened and almost 665 billion (US$10 billion) was deposited under the scheme.



Launched: 22 January 2015

Ministry: A joint initiative of MOWCD, MOHFW, and MOHRD

Main objective:  Preventing sex selective abortion
Ensuring survival and protection of a girl child
Ensuring education of the girl child

 About the scheme:

  • Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao is a social campaign of the Government of India that aims to generate awareness and improve the efficiency of welfare services intended for girls.
  • The scheme was launched with an initial funding of 100 crores (US$16 million). It has been the target of fraudsters in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Bihar, and Delhi.
  • Speaking on the occasion of International Day of the Girl Child in 2014, the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi had called for the eradication of female feticide and invited suggestions from the citizens of India via the My
  • The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme was launched on 22 January 2015 by Narendra Modi.
  • It aims to address the issue of the declining child sex ratio image (CSR) and is a national initiative jointly run by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Human Resource Development. It initially focused multi-sector action in 100 districts throughout the country where there was a low CSR.
  • On 26 August 2016, Olympics 2016 bronze medalist Sakshi Malik was made brand ambassador for BBBP.
  • Sukanya samruddi Yojana is a sub-component of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao.
  • The Beti Bachao campaign is supported by the Indian Medical Association.



Launched: 1954

Ministry: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Main objective: The Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) was started under the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in 1954 with the objective of providing comprehensive medical care facilities to Central Government employees, pensioners and their dependents residing in CGHS covered cities.



Launched: 22 January 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Finance

Main objective: To encourages parents to build a fund for the future education and marriage expenses for their female child.

About the scheme:

  • The scheme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 22 January 2015 as a part of the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is an ambitious small deposit saving scheme for a girl child. Under the scheme, a saving account can be opened in the name of girl child and deposits can be made for 14 years. After the girl reaches 18 years of age, she can withdraw 50% of the amount for marriage or higher study purposes.
  • After the girl completes 21 years of age, the maturity amount can be withdrawn including the interest at rates decided by Government every year.
  • The investments and returns are exempt from section 80C of Indian income tax act. The maximum investment of Rs. 1.5 Lakh per year can be made while the minimum deposit is Rs. 1000/- per year.
  • In the case of more than one girl child, parents can open another account on the different name but only for 2 girl children. The only exception is that the parents have twins and another girl child.
  • The scheme currently provides an interest rate of 8.3% (for July 2017 to October 2017) and tax benefits.
  • The account can be opened at any India Post office or branch of the authorized commercial bank.



Launched: 9 May 2015

Ministry: Ministry of finance
Main Objective: Provide life insurance cover to all Indian citizens

About the scheme:

  • The scheme was formally launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 9 May in Kolkata.
  • As of May 2015, only 20% of India’s population has any kind of insurance, this scheme aims to increase the number.
  • Under the scheme, the policy holder can get a life insurance cover of Rs. 2 Lakh with an annual premium of just Rs. 330 excluding service tax.
  • All the Indian citizens between 18-50 years of age with a saving bank account are eligible to avail the scheme.
  • The amount will be automatically debited from the account. In the case of death due to any cause, the payment to the nominee will be 2 lakh(US$3,100).
  • This scheme will be linked to the bank accounts opened under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana Most of this account had zero balance initially.
  • The government aims to reduce the number of such zero balance accounts by using this and related schemes.
  • All Bank account holders can avail this facility through their net-banking service facility at any time of the year.



Launched: 25 June 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

Main Objective: Achieve housing for all by the year 2022, 2 Crore in Urban and 3 Crore homes in Rural areas.

About the scheme:

  • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana is an ambitious scheme of Narendra Modi Government. Under the PMAY, the government aims to provide about 5 Crore affordable homes to the people belonging to EWS and LIG categories by the year 2022. There is a target of building 2 crore homes in the urban area and 3 crores in rural areas across the country.
  • Under the scheme, the government will provide financial assistance to the poor home buyers, interest subsidy on the home loan and direct subsidy on homes bought under the scheme.



Launched: 11 October 2014

Ministry: Ministry of Rural Development
Main Objective: Social, cultural, economic, infrastructure developments in the villages, i.e. development of model villages called “Adarsh Gram”

About the scheme:

  • Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana is a rural development program broadly focusing upon the development of the villages which includes social development, cultural development and spread motivation among the people on the social mobilization of the village community.
  • The program was launched by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi on the birth anniversary of Jayaprakash Narayan, on 11 October 2014.
  • The distinct feature of this Yojana is that it is (a) demand driven (b) inspired by society (c) based on people’s participation.
  • Under the Yojana, Members of Parliament (MPs) will be responsible for developing the socioeconomic and physical infrastructure of three villages each by 2019, and a total of eight villages each by 2024.



Launched: 11 October 2014

Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

Main Objective: Provide insurance cover to Rabi and Kharif crops and financial support to farmers in case of damage to crops.

About the scheme:

  • In order to make crop insurance simpler and cheaper for the farmers and to provide them with better insurance services, a Central Sector Scheme of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFSY) was launched by the Government of India replacing NAIS and MNAIS.
  • Under the new scheme, farmers will have to pay a uniform premium of two per cent for all Kharif crops and 1.5 per cent for all Rabi crops.
  • The scheme will be implemented from the Kharif season this year, i.e. 2016.



Launched: 01 July 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Water Resources

Main Objective: Irrigating the field of every farmer and improving water use efficiency to provide `Per Drop More Crop’.

About the scheme:

  • The scheme is aimed to attract investments in irrigation system at field level, develop and expand cultivable land in the country, enhance ranch water use in order to minimize wastage of water, enhance crop per drop by implementing water-saving technologies and precision irrigation.
  • All the States and Union Territories including the North Eastern States are covered under the program.
  • The government has approved Rs. 50, 000 crores for the implementation of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana for next 5 years, i.e. up to 2020.



Launched: 8 April 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Finance

Main objective: Financial support for the growth of micro enterprises sector.

About the scheme:

  • Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana under the Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Bank is a new institution being set up by Government of India for development and refinancing activities relating to micro units.
  • It was announced by the Finance Minister while presenting the Union Budget for FY 2016.
  • The purpose of MUDRA is to provide funding to the non-corporate small business sector. Loans worth about Rs. 1 lakh crore have been sanctioned to small entrepreneurs under the Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana.
  • Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) is open and is available from all Bank branches across the country.
  • The small businesses/start-ups or entrepreneurs can avail loans from Rs. 50 thousand to 10 Lakh to start/grow their business.
  • Under the scheme, Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana three categories of interventions has been named which includes
  1. Shishu: Loan up to 50,000/- (US$780)
  2. Kishore: Loan ranging from 50,000/- (US$780) to Rs 5 lakhs (US$7,800)
  3. Tarun: Loan above Rs 5 lakhs (US$7,800) and below Rs 10 lakhs (US$16,000)

These three categories will signify the growth, development and funding needs of the beneficiaries as well as it will assure the loan amount to be allotted by Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Bank.



Launched: 9 May 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Finance

Main objective: Provide accidental insurance cover to all Indian citizens.

About the scheme:

 Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana is a government-backed accident insurance scheme in India.

  • It was originally mentioned in the 2015 Budget speech by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in February 2015. It was formally launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 9 May in Kolkata.
  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana is available to people between 18 and 70 years of age with bank accounts. It has an annual premium of ₹12 exclusive of taxes. The Service tax is exempted on Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana. The amount will be automatically debited from the account.
  • In the case of accidental death or full disability, the payment to the nominee will be 2 lakhs and in the case of partial Permanent disability 1 lakh (US$1,600). Full disability has been defined as loss of use in both eyes, hands or feet. Partial Permanent disability has been defined as loss of use in one eye, hand or foot.
  • This scheme will be linked to the bank accounts opened under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
  • As of 24th April 2017, 10 crore people have already enrolled in this scheme. 9,705 claims have been disbursed against 12,975 claims received



Launched: 25 July 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Power

Main Objective:  To provide continuous power supply to rural India.

About the scheme:

  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojanais a Government of India scheme designed to provide continuous power supply to rural India.
  • The initiative is named in honor of Indian political philosopher Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.
  • It is one of the key initiatives of the NDA government 2014-2019.
  • The government plans to invest 756 billion for rural electrification under this scheme. The scheme will replace the existing Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY).
  • The DDUGJYscheme will enable to initiate much-awaited reforms in the rural areas. It focuses on feeder separation (rural households & agricultural) and strengthening of sub-transmission & distribution infrastructure including metering at all levels in rural areas. This will help in providing round the clock power to rural households and adequate power to agricultural consumers.
  • The earlier scheme for rural electrification viz. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) has been subsumed in the new scheme as its rural electrification component.



 Launched: 25 July 2015

Ministry: Ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship

Main Objective: To achieve inclusive growth, by developing skills and productive capacity of the rural youth from poor families.

About the scheme:

  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kausalya Yojanaor DDU-GKY is a Government of India youth employment scheme.
  • It was launched by on 25 September 2014 by Union Ministers Nitin Gadkari and Venkaiah Naidu on the occasion of the 98th birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya.
  • The Vision of DDU-GKY is to “Transform rural poor youth into an economically independent and globally relevant workforce”. It aims to target youth, under the age group of 15–35 years.
  • DDU-GKY is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), tasked with the dual objectives of adding diversity to the incomes of rural poor families and cater to the career aspirations of rural youth. A corpus of Rs 1,500 crore and is aimed at enhancing the employability of rural youth.
  • Under this program, disbursements would be made through a digital voucher directly into the student’s bank account as part of the government’s skill development initiative.



Launched: 16 October 2014

Ministry: Ministry of Labour

Main Objective: To consolidate information of Labour Inspection and its enforcement through a unified web portal, which will lead to transparency and accountability in inspections.

About the scheme:

A Unified Labour Portal, known as the Shram Suvidha portal was launched under the scheme as a platform to facilitate the implementation of a transparent system for information and database management.



Launched: ‎ 1 May 2016

Ministry: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas

Main Objective: To distribute free LPG connections to the women belonging to 5 Crore BPL families across the country.

About the scheme:

  • The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)is a welfare program of the government of India, launched by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2016.
  • The stated objective of the program is providing 50,000,000 LPG connections to women from families below the poverty line.
  • As of 3 April 2017, twenty million LPG connections had been completed. It is guided by a strong commitment to bring in changes in lives of poor women
  • This is the first ever welfare scheme by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas which would benefit crores of women belonging to the poorest households.



Launched: 16 July 2015

Ministry: Ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship

Main objective: Recognition and standardization of skills

About the scheme:

  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY) is a skill development initiative scheme of the Government of India for recognition and standardization of skills.
  • The aim of the scheme is to encourage attitude towards employable skills and to increase working efficiency of probable and existing daily wage earners, by giving monetary awards and rewards and by providing quality training to them.
  • Average award amount per person has been kept as 8,000. Those wage earners already possessing a standard level of skill will be given recognition as per scheme and average award amount for them is Rs 2000.
  • In the initial year, a target to distribute Rs. 15 billion has been laid down for the scheme.
  • Training programs have been worked out on the basis of National Occupational Standards (NOS) and qualification packs specifically developed in various sectors of skills. For this qualification plans and quality, plans have been developed by various Sector Skill Councils (SSC) created with the participation of Industries. National Skill Development Council (NSDC) has been made coordinating and driving agency for the same.
  • The scheme has a target to train 1 crore Indian youth from 2016-20
  • As of 18 July 2016, 17.93 lakh candidates were trained out of 18 lakh who enrolled for the scheme.



Launched: 17 February 2015

Ministry: Ministry of agriculture

Main objective: To help farmers to improve productivity from their farms by letting them know about nutrient/fertilizer requirements for their farms.

About the scheme:

  • Soil Health Card Scheme is a scheme launched by the Government of India in February 2015.
  • Under the scheme, the government plans to issue soil cards to farmers which will carry crop-wise recommendations of nutrients and fertilizers required for the individual farms to help farmers to improve productivity through the judicious use of inputs.
  • All soil samples are to be tested in various soil testing labs across the country. Thereafter the experts will analyze the strength and weaknesses (micro nutrients deficiency) of the soil and suggest measures to deal with it. The result and suggestion will be displayed in the cards. The government plans to issue the cards to 14 crore farmers.
  • An amount of 568 crores was allocated by the government for the scheme. In 2016 Union budget of India, 100 crores has been allocated to states for making soil health cards and set up labs



Launched: 20 November 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Power

Main objective: To obtain operational and financial turnaround of State Owned Power Distribution Companies (DISCOMs).

About the scheme:

  • Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana(UDAY) is the financial turnaround and revival package for electricity distribution companies of India (DISCOMs) initiated by the Government of India with the intent to find a permanent solution to the financial mess that the power distribution is in.
  • The Scheme aims to reduce the interest burden, reduce the cost of power, reduce power losses in the Distribution sector, and improve the operational efficiency of DISCOMs.



Launched: 21 January 2015

Ministry: Ministry of urban development

Main objective: Bringing together urban planning, economic growth, and heritage conservation in an inclusive manner to preserve the heritage character of each Heritage City.

About the scheme:

  • National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) was launched on 21 January 2015 with the aim of bringing together urban planning, economic growth, and heritage conservation in an inclusive manner to preserve the heritage character of each Heritage City.
  • The Scheme shall support the development of core heritage infrastructure projects including the revitalization of linked urban infrastructure for heritage assets such as monuments, Ghats, temples etc. along with reviving certain intangible assets. These initiatives shall include the development of sanitation facilities, roads, public transportation & parking, citizen services, information kiosks etc.
  • With a duration of 4 years(competing in November 2018) and a total outlay of 500 crores, the Scheme is set to be implemented in 12 identified Cities namely, Ajmer,  Amaravati,  Amritsar,  Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni, and Warangal.

The objectives of the scheme are:

  • Planning, development, and implementation of heritage-sensitive infrastructure
  • Service Delivery and infrastructure provisioning in the core areas of the historic city
  • Preserve and revitalize heritage wherein tourists can connect directly with city’s unique character
  • Develop and document a heritage asset inventory of cities – natural, cultural, living and built heritage as a basis for urban planning, growth, service provision, and delivery
  • Implementation and enhancement of basic services delivery with the focus on sanitation services like public conveniences, toilets, water taps, street lights, with the use of latest technologies in improving tourist facilities/amenities.
  • Local capacity enhancement for inclusive heritage-based industry




Ministry:   Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation respectively.

Main objective: to uplift of urban and rural poor through enhancement of livelihood opportunities through skill development and other means.

About the scheme:

  • Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojanaor DAY is a Government of India scheme for the helping the poor by providing skill training. It replaces Aajeevika.
  • The Government of India has provisioned 500 Crores for the scheme. The objective of the scheme is to train 0.5 million people in urban areas per annum from 2016.
  • In rural areas, the objective is to train 1 million people by 2017. Further, in urban areas, services like SHG promotion, training centers, vendors markets, and permanent shelters for homeless will be provided for.
  • The aim of the scheme is skill development of both rural and urban India as per requisite international standards.




Launched: 24 June 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Urban Development

Main objective: Providing basic services (e.g. water supply, sewerage, urban transport) to households and build amenities in cities which will improve the quality of life for all, especially the poor and the disadvantaged.

About the Mission:

The purpose of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is to (i) ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection; (ii) increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks); and (iii) reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).



Launched: 25 December 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Health

Main objective: It aims to immunize all children under the age of 2 years, as well as all pregnant women, against seven vaccine preventable diseases.

About the Mission:

  • Mission Indradhanushis a health mission of the government of India. It was launched by Union Health Minister P. Nadda on 25 December 2014.
  • It aims to immunize all children under the age of 2 years, as well as all pregnant women, against seven vaccine preventable diseases. The diseases being targeted are diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles and Hepatitis B. In addition to these, vaccines for Japanese Encephalitis and Haemophilus influenza type B is also being provided in selected states.
  • In 2016, four new additions have been made namely Rubella, Japanese Encephalitis, Bivalent and Rotavirus 201 districts will be covered in the first phase. Of these, 82 districts are in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh.
  • The 201 districts selected have nearly 50% of all unvaccinated children in the country. The mission follows planning and administration like PPI (Pulse Polio Immunization).



Launched:25 June 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Urban Development

Main objective: To develop 100 cities all over the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.

About the mission:

  • Smart Cities Mission is an urban renewal and retrofitting program by the Government of India with a mission to develop 100 cities all over the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.
  • The Union Ministry of Urban Development is responsible for implementing the mission in collaboration with the state governments of the respective cities.
  • Under the mission, the NDA Government aims to develop smart cities equipped with basic infrastructure and offer a good quality of life through smart solutions. Assured water and power supply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient urban mobility and public transport, robust IT connectivity, e-governance and citizen participation along with the safety of its citizens are some of the likely attributes of these smart cities.





Launched: 2 July 2015

Ministry: Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

Main objective: To deliver Government services to citizens electronically by improving online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity.

About the Campaign:

  • Digital India is a campaign launched by the Government of India to ensure that Government services are made available to citizens electronically by improved online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity or by making the country digitally empowered in the field of technology.
  • It was launched on 2 July 2015 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The initiative includes plans to connect rural areas with high-speed internet
  • The Government of India hopes to achieve growth on multiple fronts with the Digital India Programme. Specifically, the government aims to target nine ‘Pillars of the Digital India’ that they identify as being:

1.Broadband Highway

2.Universal access to Internet

3.Public Internet Access Programme

4.e-Governance – Reforming Government through Technology

5.e-Kranti – Electronic delivery of services

6.Information for All

7.Electronics Manufacturing

8.IT for Jobs

9.Early Harvest Programmes


  • Digital India is keyed on three key areas:
  1. Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen
  2. Governance & Services on Demand
  3. Digital Empowerment of Citizens



Launched: 25 September 2014

Ministry: Ministry of Finance

Main objective: To encourage multi-national, as well as domestic companies to manufacture their products in India and create jobs and skill enhancement in 25 sectors.

About the campaign:

  • Make in India is an initiative launched by the Government of India to encourage national, as well as multi-national companies to manufacture their products in India.
  • It was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 September 2014. India emerged, after initiation of the programme in 2015, as the top destination globally for foreign direct investment (FDI), surpassing the United States of America as well as the People’s Republic of China. In 2015, India received US$63 billion in FDI.
  • The major objective behind the initiative is to focus on job creation and skill enhancement in 25 sectors of the economy. The initiative also aims at high quality standards and minimising the impact on the environment. The initiative hopes to attract capital and technological investment in India.
  • The main Objective of Make in India initiative is:

1.To promote India a manufacturing hub.

2.Economic transformation in India

3.To eliminate unnecessary law and regulation.



Launched: 16 July 2015

Ministry: Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

Main objective: aim to train over 40 crore (400 million) people in India in different skills by 2022.

About the campaign:

  • Skill India is a campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015 which aim to train over 40 crore(400 million) people in India in different skills by 2022.
  • It includes various initiatives of the government like “National Skill Development Mission”, “National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015”, “Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)” and the “Skill Loan scheme”.
  • The main goal of Skill India Program is to create opportunities, space and scope for the development of talents of the Indian youth. The scheme also targeted to identify new sectors for skill development and develop more of those sectors which have already been put under skill development for the last so many years.
  • Various initiatives under this campaign are:

1.National Skill Development Mission

2.National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015

3.Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

4.Skill Loan scheme

5.Rural India Skill


Launched: 2 October 2014

Ministry: Ministry of Urban Development

Main objective: To fulfil Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of a clean and hygienic India.

About the campaign:

  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a campaign by the Government of India to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country’s 4,041 statutory cities and towns. It includes ambassadors and activities such as run, national real-time monitoring or spread of updated NGOs practices.
  • The campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is India’s largest ever cleanliness drive with 3 million government employees, and especially school and college students from all parts of India, participating in the campaign.
  • The objectives of Swachh Bharat are to reduce or eliminate open defecation through the construction of individual, cluster and community toilets.
  • The Swachh Bharat mission will also make an initiative of establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring latrine use.
  • The government is aiming to achieve an Open-DefecationFree (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India, at a projected cost of 96 lakh crores.

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