A team of security forces was attacked by a People’s Liberation Guerilla Army (PLGA) unit in the Tarrem area near the Sukma-Bijapur district border, Chhattisgarh. Several security personnel were killed and many were injured. PLGA was founded in 2000. It has been declared as a terrorist organisation and banned under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act-1967 (UAPA).

Maoist Attack in Sukma:

  • Maoist Attack in Sukma
    • Located in the southern tip of the state of Chhattisgarh, the district was carved out of Dantewada in the year 2012.
    • It is covered with the semi-tropical forest and is a mainland of tribal community Gond.
    • One major river that flows through the district is Sabari (a tributary of Godavari river).
    • Over a few decades, this region has become a fostering ground for Left Wing Extremism (LWE) activities.
      • Uneven terrains and the tricky geographic locations made this region a safer hideout for the LWE activists.
  • Left Wing Extremism in India:
    • Left-wing extremists, popularly known as Maoists worldwide and as Naxalites in India.
    • The term Naxalism derives its name from the village Naxalbari of West Bengal. It originated as a rebellion against local landlords who bashed a peasant over a land dispute.
      • The rebellion was initiated in 1967, with an objective of rightful redistribution of the land to working peasants under the leadership of Kanu Sanyal and Jagan Santhal.
    • The movement has spread across the Eastern India in less developed areas of states such as Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.
    • It is considered that Naxals support Maoist political sentiments and ideology.
      • Maoism is a form of communism developed by Mao Tse Tung. It is a doctrine to capture State power through a combination of armed insurgency, mass mobilization and strategic alliances.
  • Reasons for Left Wing Extremism:
    • Tribal Discontent:
      • The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 has been used to target tribals, who depend on forest produce for their living.
      • Massive displacement of tribal population in the naxalism-affected states due to development projects, mining operations and other reasons.
    • Easy Target for Maoists: Such people who do not have any source of living are taken into naxalism by Maoists.
      • Maoists provide arms and ammunition and money to such people.
    • Gaps in the Socio-Economic system of the Country:
      • Government measures its success on the basis of the number of violent attacks rather than the development done in the naxal-affected areas.
      • Absence of strong technical intelligence to fight with naxalites.
      • Infrastructural problems, for instance, some villages are not yet connected properly with any communication network.
    • No Follow-Up from Administration: It is seen that even after police take hold of a region, administration fails to provide essential services to the people of that region.
    • Confusion over tackling naxalism as a social issue or as a security threat.

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