Recently, India joined Australia, Japan, and the United States for a ministerial meeting under the Quadrilateral grouping (Quad) and discussed issues across Indo-Pacific and the military takeover in Myanmar.

Quadrilateral grouping: Key Points

Quadrilateral grouping

  • Meeting Highlights:
    • Discussed contemporary challenges, especially the impact of Covid-19, and agreed to enhance access to affordable vaccines, medicines, and medical equipment.
    • Discussed countering disinformation, counter-terrorism, maritime security, and the “priority of strengthening democratic resilience in the broader region”.
    • Emphasized their commitment to upholding a rules-based international order, underpinned by respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, rule of law, transparency, freedom of navigation in the international seas, and peaceful resolution of disputes.
    • Reiterated their “common vision for a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific region, with clear support for ASEAN cohesion and centrality”, and noted that the Indo-Pacific concept had “gathered growing international support, including in Europe”.
    • Discussed climate change and cooperation in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief and supply chain resilience.
    • Agreed on holding ministerial meetings of the Quad at least once a year and meetings at senior and working levels on a regular basis to bolster cooperation on advancing a free and open Indo-Pacific.
  • Significance:
    • The meeting, held in the backdrop of the ongoing withdrawal of Chinese forces from positions along the Line of Actual Control, underlines that India’s interest in the Quad is not tactical but profoundly strategic

      • For India, the Quad is also about addressing the growing power imbalance with China that has manifold consequences for India’s security and prosperity as well it’s regional and international standing.
    • It signaled the new USA administration’s commitment to the Quad as a key formation in the Indo-Pacific.
      • The momentum behind the Quad picked up in 2020 in the wake of the Covid-19 crisis, China’s growing assertiveness, and deterioration of China’s bilateral relations with all Quad partners.
    • Chinese officials have likened the Quad to a “mini NATO” and said its activities are aimed at targeting third parties, a charge rejected by the four members of the group.
      • NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) is a political and military alliance whose primary goals are the collective defense of its members and the maintenance of democratic peace in the North Atlantic area.

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