Launched in:  December 2014

Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture

OBJECTIVES: Integrated Indigenous Cattle Centres – “Gokul Grams”- will be established under the Rashtriya Gokul Gram Mission with the objective of conservation and development of indigenous bovine breeds in the country. Gokul Grams will be set up in a): the Native Breeding Tract of an indigenous bovine breed and b): on the suburbs of Metropolitan and large cities (for urban cattle) with the following aims:

  • To promote indigenous cattle rearing and conservation in a scientific manner
  • To enhance productivity of indigenous breeds and increase economic returns
    from animal products in a sustainable manner
  • To propagate high genetic merit bulls of indigenous breeds
  • To encourage appropriate technology for use of Draught Animal Power
  • To provide balanced nutrition and integrated animal health care
  • To optimize modern Farm Management practices and promote Common
    Resource Management
  • To promote Green Power and Eco technology

STRATEGY:

Herds of indigenous cattle will be set up with a viable composition of economic and unproductive animals in the ratio of milch: unproductive: : 60:40

Gokul Grams will be established by the State Implementing Agency/End Implementing Agency or under a Public Private Partnership

Productive animals of high genetic merit may be purchased by State Implementing Agency/ End Implementing Agency and managed along with 40% unproductive stray animal.

In the case of PPP model the productive animals belonging to farmers in the area would be housed along with unproductive/dry animals

Gokul Grams will be established in the Native Breeding Tract to house indigenous cattle in the rural areas; while Gokul Grams established in the urban areas will house Urban Cattle.

Nutrition: Balanced nutrition will be made available to animals. Green fodder and dry fodder will be produced at the Gokul Gram. Gokul Gram will also have block making units to produce balanced dry fodder blocks. Area specific mineral mixtures will be given to the cattle for improving growth and reproductive performance.

Health Care: Animal health care and fertility will be taken care of by Veterinary Dispensary. The dispensary will have the facility for first aid, vaccination, artificial insemination, de-worming etc. Gokul Gram will have facility for practical training of MAITRIs, farmers and also to carry out extension activities.

Draught Animal Power (DAP): DAP will be used in all on farm agricultural operations like ploughing, sowing, harvesting etc. with appropriate technological interventions. DAP run turbines will be used to generate electricity at the Gokul Gram. Promotion of usage and advancement of animal drawn tractors, harvesters developed through research will be done. DAP will also be promoted for drawing water for irrigation and transportation of products Gokul Gram. DAP Research and on farm Innovations promotion, training and extension will also be made part of Gokul Gram.

Economic importance of Cattle at every stage of their life span – productive/ non-productive and even after death is recognised and forms an integral part of the Project. The same is essential for the viability of the Project, its sustainence and its replicability.

Sustainability:

Economic returns will be ensured through appropriate farm size:

  • The Herd size (proposed at 1000 for general areas), along with the size of other operations to be large enough to ensure that the Project is viable and sustainable.
  • Use of Common facilities and resources at the Gokul Gram to ensure returns.

Scientific Resource Management and Professional Farm Management

Economic returns from milch, dry and dead cattle as well as the monetary value of animal products at every stage- of both productive and non-productive cattle – is central to the success of the Gaugram and its sustainability.

Sale of basic and value added animal products like: qualityA2 Milk, Milk products, variable uses of animal dung like mosquito repellents, heat resistant tiles etc.; cow urine distillate products and post death animal products like leather, hide etc.

Sale of high genetic merit livestock produced in Gokul Gram in the form of bulls, heifers and calves will be sold to farmers, breeders and Institutions

Eco friendly Technology: Biogas, bio pesticides and Improvement of soil fertility
and nitrogen content through green technology bio fertilizers, Bio mass for humus.

EXPECTED OUT COME:

  • Conservation and development of indigenous breeds
  • Enhanced productivity of indigenous breeds: upto 1000 Kg/ lactation in Projectarea
  • Increase in population of Indigenous Breeds
  • Availability of High genetic merit disease free bulls and surplus female calves forgenetic up-gradation of non-descript animals in the area, thereby improving thephysical quality of life of farmers of the region
  • Greater access to organised market for A2 milk and milk products and higherFarmers‟ stake in conservation and development of indigenous breeds
  • Enhanced productivity of urban cattle and shelter for dry dairies and stray cattle
  • Reduced Carbon footprint and spread of Green Power and eco-friendly technology

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