latest report released by United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) says
is one of the major hubs of illicit drug trade ranging from age-old cannabis to
newer prescription drugs like tramadol, and designer drugs like methamphetamine.
- While the global trend of purchasing
drugs over the internet, particularly on darknet trading platforms using
cryptocurrencies has already spread across South Asia, it is particularly
rampant in India.
- India is also a transit country for illicitly produced opiates, in
particular heroin. The route used by traffickers to
smuggle opiates through South Asia is an alternative part of the
route”, which runs through Pakistan or the Islamic Republic of Iran, via
the Gulf countries, continues to East Africa and on to destination countries.
- Also, India, Australia, France and Turkey accounted for 83% of global
production of morphine-rich opiate raw materials in 2017.
The stocks were considered sufficient to cover 19 months of expected global
demand by manufacturers at the 2018 level of demand.
- Established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug
Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention,
UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international
- UNODC relies on voluntary contributions,
mainly from Governments, for 90% of its budget.
- UNODC is mandated to assist Member
States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.
The three pillars of the UNODC work programme
- Field-based technical cooperation
projects to enhance the capacity of Member States to counteract illicit
drugs, crime and terrorism.
- Research and analytical work to
increase knowledge and understanding of drugs and crime issues and expand
the evidence base for policy and operational decisions.
- Normative work to assist States in
the ratification and implementation of the relevant international
treaties, the development of domestic legislation on drugs, crime and
terrorism, and the provision of secretariat and substantive services to
the treaty-based and governing bodies.