Among the highest-burden countries in terms of Malaria, India turned out as the only country to mark progress in reducing its disease burden in 2017 compared to 2016, according to WHO World Malaria Report 2018.
- This is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic single celled micro organisms belonging to the Plasmodium group. Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever, tiredness, vomiting, and headaches. In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma, or death.
- Symptoms usually begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. If not properly treated, people may have recurrences of the disease months later. The disease is most commonly transmitted by an infected female Anopheles mosquito.
- The mosquito bite introduces the parasites from the mosquito’s saliva into a person’s blood. The parasites travel to the liver where they mature and reproduce. In India, Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, North eastern states and parts of Gujrat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka are prone to malaria.
WORLD MALARIA REPORT-2018
This report, 2018 has been released by World Health Organization.
- Among the 11 nations with 70% of the world’s burden of malaria, only India has managed to reduce its disease burden, registering a 24% decrease between 2016 and 2017.
- India’s reduction, the sharpest within a year, now means the country accounts for 4% of the world’s total malaria cases. However, 1.25 billion Indians–94% of its population–are still at risk of malaria, the report noted.
- Top three countries with the highest rates of malaria are Uganda, Ghana, Democratic Republic of Congo.
- Since 2000, India has reduced malaria deaths by two-thirds and halved the number of malaria cases.
- India’s success is largely due to substantial declines of the disease in the highly endemic state of Odisha, home to approximately 40% of all malaria cases in the country.
- The other countries that showed results were the malaria-endemic countries of China and El Salvador, which reported no local transmission in 2017
- Globally, the progress made against malaria has stalled for the second consecutive year as the number of cases rose in 2017 as compared to 2016. The report revealed a plateauing, as funds have declined.